Gum disease is a fairly common occurrence and one with severe health and emotional consequences. It is often caused by long term neglect and a casual attitude towards oral health. It exists in mild or severe forms and can wreck havoc in the oral cavity, resulting in early loss of teeth, bad breath, bleeding and swollen gums, reduction in chewing efficiency, etc. All this has an impact on one’s self-confidence and even psychological trauma in severe cases.
Gum Disease Causes:
Plaque and tartar, which form as a result of bacteria in our mouth, need to be constantly removed by correct brushing, flossing and regular visits to the dentist. If any of these aren’t followed, tartar builds up causing a mild form of gum disease called gingivitis. At this stage, the gums become red, swollen and bleed easily. If not treated at this stage, this disease spreads further to the bone and the supporting structure of the teeth (periodontitis). A few of the other factors, which influence this disease, are genetic susceptibility, smoking and chewing tobacco, hormonal changes in women, stress, diabetes, certain medications and diseases like cancer and AIDS.
Gum disease prevention:
Brush twice a day with the right technique. If unsure, consult your dentist to understand do’s and don’ts of brushing.
Rinse thoroughly after every meal.
Quit smoking and chewing tobacco.
Have a well-balanced diet. This strengthens your immune system.
Avoid excess sugar.
Periodontal disease is linked to stress. Destressing yourself regularly has numerous benefits.
Drink plenty of water.
Visit your dentist for a professional cleanup at least once every six months.