Haemophilia is a genetic disorder that affects human body’s capability to form blood clots or coagulation which is an important factor to stop bleeding.
1. Mostly a genetic disorder
2. Prevents the blood from clotting
3. More prevalent in males
4. Incurable but controllable with proper treatment, those suffering from haemophilia may lead a relatively normal life, which is why it is so important to identify haemophilia symptoms early.
1. Excessive bleeding
2. Easy bruising. Bleeding can occur both internally and externally
3. Bleeding in the knees, elbows, or other joints without any obvious injury is another common form of internal bleeding in haemophilia patients
4. Internal bleeding in the brain is a very serious complication that can happen after a simple bump on the head or a more serious injury.
Human blood comprises of about 13 clotting factors that helps to stop bleeding. People with haemophilia (PWH) have absence of one of these clotting factors in their blood.
Commonly, a deficiency of factor 8 & 9 is found in the haemophilics. Below is the range of haemophilia basis, the clotting factor available in the human body:
Normal range : 50% – 150%
Mild haemophilia : 5%- 40%
Moderate : 1% -5%
Severe : Less than 1%
PWHs do not bleed faster than any one else but they may bleed faster than any one else but they may bleed for a longer period of time. In several cases, even a minor injury could result in blood loss lasting days, weeks, or not even healing completely. In cases of internal bleeding in areas such as the brain or inside joints, this can be fatal or permanently debilitating. Over a period of time, bleeding into joints and muscles can cause permanent damage and chronic pain.
Controlling Measures of Haemophilia:
1. Proper diagnosis
2. Access to trained healthcare
3. Replacing the missing clotting factor in the blood
4. By injecting the needed factor into a vein.
The ultimate goal is to offer a cure for the disease. The challenge is to transfer normal genes into a patient so that they will produce the normal clotting protein.
Now you came to know about haemophilia causes and haemophilia symptoms, take the necessary steps to avoid it